Ted Cruz vs Bernie Sanders GOP Tax Reform Debate

I just finished watching Senator Ted Cruz (R, TX) debate Senator Bernie Sanders (I/D, VT) on CNN and I have got to say it was hilariously entertaining yet also quite depressing. The debate is what you would expect if you are familiar with both of these guys. Ted Cruz was extolling the virtues of the free market and allowing taxpayers to keep more of their money to invest, save, or spend as they choose and Bernie was extolling the imaginary virtues of socialism and spent the majority of the debate railing against the usual boogiemen of the top 1%, the Koch brothers, and corporate greed. Interestingly Bernie was aware that he was losing the debate miserably throughout the majority of the program and he kept hinting to the “unbiased” moderators at CNN to step in and help him out in some fashion or the other. I caught him giving suggestive glances to the moderators several times and incidentally the moderators either cut off Ted Cruz, cut to commercial break, or interrupted the debate.

Bernie Sanders for some reason despises people of wealth as does the majority of jealous society. Disdain for the wealthy is probably the only universal value across the country and probably the world. It is a fact that most people are jealous of those who are rich and successful and wish to steal their wealth from them and redistribute it by the coercive hand of government. This is true of rich countries, poor countries, western nations, eastern nations, communists, socialists, and even those who believe in capitalism. It seems common or even a natural phenomenon to hate the rich. Bernie spent a lot of his talking time railing against wealthy Americans and specifically the Koch brothers whose combined net worth is upwards of $90B (Good For Them!) and talked about how they would be getting trillions of dollars in tax breaks from the proposed GOP plan and how they don’t deserve it. Is it a sin to become rich in America? In a free, capitalist society it is virtuous and worthy of congratulations when someone becomes rich without encroaching upon the natural and constitutional rights of others. The Koch brothers, Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, Ray Dalio, Mark Zuckerberg, Larry Ellison, Jamie Dimon, etc. did not become wealthy by stealing from others. They became wealthy by providing a set of goods or services that was deemed valuable by consumers and they were paid what the market determined and over time they became wealthy. Wealth is not some pre-existing economic pie which stays the same forever and keeps getting redistributed among economic groups. Wealth grows and an individuals wealth changes over their lifetime. These economic facts are not understood by many leftists and it is quite dangerous to allow such woefully uneducated folks to run our nation. Bernie Sanders doesn’t understand economics and that much is sure, if I were one of the citizens allowed to ask questions during the debate I would’ve thrown a copy of Basic Economics by Thomas Sowell at him. CNN even placed Jacob Kirkegaard, a Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics to supposedly rebuff Ted Cruz on socialized medical systems in countries such as Denmark. It was obviously a political stunt intended to shore up Democrats and Sanders’ argument. Kirkegaard is not a pure economist and spends a lot of times in his papers and articles that I’ve reviewed using left wing talking points to promote government healthcare. I will admit that I do not care for his opinion. Milton Friedman, arguably the greatest economist of all time was vehemently opposed to any form of socialized medicine for reasons that are too long and complicated to enter into in this post, but I think I’ll agree with his view rather than some random think tank guy.

Overall, income tax is theft and was likely implemented illegally by President Woodrow Wilson and the fact that Bernie wants to raise more than $13T in taxes over 10 years to pay for a slew of new government programs is both unrealistic and unlikely to happen. Our national debt is already $20T and continuously growing, our 2017 budget deficit was $666B due to the profligate spending by Congress and signed off by prior Presidents. We are reaching a 104% Debt/GDP ratio and it is the highest we’ve ever had since it was 119% in 1946, after WWII. Now is the time for America’s Government to start tightening her belt and deliver policies that boost economic growth, cut federal spending, reform and phase out entitlement programs, and pay down the national debt. It is imperative that we start generating budget surpluses in the near term, perhaps 4-5 years to start paying down debt or things will become unmanageable and default may loom in the horizon.

I only hope that this nominal GOP tax reform and especially the corporate tax cut happens soon, our economy desperately needs it.

 

This is Saint Reagan signing off

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Rex Tillerson’s Dilemma

I called it. I have been predicting this for a long time. I knew Rex Tillerson would get sick of this administration. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson held a press conference today to confirm that he is not currently considering resigning his position and that he plans to stay on as Secretary of State. According to recent media reports, Mr. Tillerson has had a fractured relationship with President Trump since July and was considering leaving his post. The report also mentioned that Mike Pence (VP), John Kelly (Sec. DHS, Chief of Staff), and James Mattis (Sec. of Defense) managed to persuade Tillerson to stay for the good of the country. I’ve observed President Trump undercut his Secretary of State on a number of occasions, whether it be by tweet or statement to the media. It is communication and leadership 101 to not disrespect your team members and especially foreign policy 101 not to undercut the leader of your foreign policy in public. The world is an increasingly dangerous place and Rex Tillerson, former CEO of ExxonMobil is working extremely hard to conduct international diplomacy and resist President Trump’s childish impulses to publicly contradict him every few minutes. It has also been reported that Tillerson called Trump a “moron” after a Pentagon meeting, he did not deny it at todays press conference. I can see why he would think that.

Current Foreign Policy Issues:

  • The Korean peninsula: Kim Jong Un’s fast growing nuclear capability and the prospect of war.
  • The Saudi led blockade against Qatar.
  • The development and execution of a clear political strategy after the defeat of ISIS in Iraq and Syria by U.S. backed coalition forces.
  • The execution of a clear strategy in Afghanistan to bring the 16 year war to an end and reach a political solution that will allow Afghanistan to grow into an independent nation.
  • Stopping Iran’s nuclear program and working to stop their political and military interference all over the Middle East.
  • Reassuring U.S. allies all over the world that we are still the dominant economic, diplomatic, and military power in the world and we will protect them.
  • Fighting the resurgence of Russian militarism and expansionism.
  • Fighting China’s ambition to become a superpower.
  • Creating new alliances with partners such as India for global peace and security.
  • Fighting global terrorism and extremism.
  • Solving the Libya question after the Obama Administration left the country in shambles and a hotbed for terrorism.
  • Trying to facilitate a settlement between Israel and Palestine. I doubt this will ever happen but it is on every American President’s foreign policy agenda.

 

I’ve always felt that Rex Tillerson is a very smart individual and the right choice for Secretary of State. He is not an entrenched political operative and he has deep operational business experience all over the world, specifically in the Middle East and Russia. I assume that is why he was chosen for his position, although a recommendation from Condoleezza Rice (Former National Security Advisor and Sec. of State) certainly can’t hurt. I can imagine how frustrating it must be to be attacked 24/7 for being a former Oil & Gas Executive (as if that were a sin), a Trump Administration official, and then on top of that your own boss constantly contradicts you and conducts his foreign policy in a haphazard manner. The Trump Campaign didn’t have a very clear strategic or tactical view of foreign policy, his election win was largely because of his outsize focus on domestic issues.

Having a clear foreign policy is essential and the United States is the most powerful diplomatic force in the world, it is essential we are a strong and reliable leader that the world can depend on to resolve conflicts through sincere diplomacy or military force if necessary. We have not demonstrated that reliability in the last few decades due to the extremely short-term thinking of U.S. foreign policy leaders and it has taken a heavy toll on the citizens of our nation and the worlds view toward us. It is essential that we rethink every single aspect of our foreign policy and reconcile it with our defense and domestic policies to ensure that the interests of the United States are being served and that we are continually building goodwill in the world as being a force for good. China’s foreign policy is focused on long-term strategic domination, they will bare a few setbacks and hiccups along the way as long as their long-term goals are achieved. Their strategy is working and their ideas are inherited from our post World War II strategy for achieving a U.S. led world order that contains and destroys the Soviet Union and any other challengers. The issue is that our foreign policy and domestic policy lead to unprecedented success and our experts started to experiment and lean towards short-term thinking just because it was possible. The problem of the ages is that success leads to complacency.

 

The U.S. is facing a world that is on fire and having a strong Secretary of State who is empowered to make decisions is good for the country. I can understand why Rex Tillerson is getting sick of this administration and would enjoy retirement on his ranch, but I hope he stays on for the good of our country.

 

This is Saint Reagan signing off

The GOP’s Tax “Reform”

In recent weeks the Republican Party has been struggling to build consensus in Congress to pass a bill that reduces tax rates and reforms the tax code to some extent. The combined bill seeks to implement changes to both the individual and corporate tax code. Many questions regarding specifics of the plan remain unanswered and are currently being decided by the respective tax writing committees in the House of Representatives and the Senate.

These are the highlights of the individual tax plan:

  • Individual tax rates will be collapsed from 7 to 3 brackets which will be 35%, 25%, and 12%. A higher bracket may be added for high earners which is ridiculous to even consider but lets hope it doesn’t happen.
  • Congress is considering eliminating the state and local tax deduction. This is a step in a positive direction as it stops the subsidization of high tax states and cities by low tax states and cities. This is also a large source of revenue for the Treasury, this squeeze will incentivize states like California, Massachusetts, New York, and New Jersey to address the immoral tax burden they are placing upon their citizens.
  • No changes announced to capital-gains or dividend taxation. This is particularly regrettable as taxing capital is one of the single most unproductive and anti-growth policies of all time.
  • The estate tax and alternative minimum tax are gone.
  • The so called “sacred cows” of mortgage interest, municipal bond income, and charitable donations deductions are protected.
  • The standard deduction will be expanded to $12,000 for individuals and $24,000 for couples. This is politically popular but is likely to narrow the tax base instead of broadening it. This may hurt revenues.
  • There will be a $500 tax credit for households with non-child dependents.

 

These are the highlights of the business tax plan:

  • Cutting the corporate tax rate from 35% to 20%. President Trump promised 15% throughout his campaign, but it seems as if he has capitulated on the rate so he can score a political victory.
  • Pass through businesses that pay taxes through their owners individual returns will be taxed at a maximum rate of 25%.
  • There will be some unspecified limits placed on interest deductions. So equity financing may become more favorable than debt financing.
  • Allows immediate write off of capital expenses over 5 years.
  • Preserves ridiculous tax breaks for low income housing and research credits.
  • Repeals deduction for domestic manufacturing.
  • There will be an unspecified one time tax on the repatriation of U.S. corporate foreign profits.
  • An unspecified one time tax will be placed on cash.
  • From now on there will be tax free repatriation of foreign profits. Double taxation is essentially coming to an end. The U.S. will hopefully move to a territorial tax system.

 

The fact that this is considered reform and simplification is laughable. Our tax code is so ridiculously complex that taxation in the United States needs a total rethink. Elimination of the income tax and all these other taxes would be a good start. Implementing a flat tax for all businesses and individuals or a national sales tax that taxes consumption rather than savings and investment would be a good idea as well. The stupidity of our citizens is that they’re woefully uneducated when it comes to basic economics. Institutions such as corporations do not pay taxes, people do. The cost of the corporate income tax is borne by workers, investors, and consumers. The workers get paid less and are less productive due to lackluster capital investment, less new jobs are created, investors returns are stolen by the government which hurts the efficient allocation of capital to productive uses, and consumers pay higher prices for goods and services. None of this is good for economic growth, innovation, and entrepreneurship. The plan is nothing close to what we really need but it does have some strong pro-growth elements such as cutting the corporate tax rate substantially and transitioning to a territorial tax system. This may generate growth and increase revenues in the long run but the main issues with the United States Government is the lack of spending cuts or cutting the rate of growth in spending. If Congress doesn’t address spending, we will have to face severe austerity and/or a massive devaluation of the dollar to pay for our burgeoning national debt. Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, and other social spending will ruin the nation. We need to alter, reform, and preferably eliminate those programs.

Our problems are caused directly by us, not politicians. We vote for and support people so that they can go to Congress and get us stuff. If we started supporting politicians who won’t give us anything but will push and pass legislation that will solve some problems and make some trade offs, then we might get somewhere. We were the ones who voted for budget busters, socialists in disguise, dumbasses, fake conservatives, etc. We have to vote for people who won’t give us any free stuff, but those will give us back our right to liberty and freedom which has been stolen from us by the all encroaching government.

 

I believe Founding Father Patrick Henry said “Give me liberty or give me death”. Not “give me welfare, subsidies, and carveouts or give me death”.

 

This is Saint Reagan signing off

Is the U.N. worth it?

In recent political discourse many Americans and people around the world are considering the question of whether the United Nations is still a productive and useful supranational body dedicated to fostering global peace and security or a body of self serving kleptocrats that is basically opposed to the United States and Israel.

The United Nations was founded in 1945 as an organization for all governments to cooperate on issues of mutual interest and avoid a future catastrophe such as World War II. It was headquartered in New York City and the United States bears the majority of the financial and logistical brunt. To my understanding every single sovereign nation in the world is a member or an observer state. The U.N. is generally a network where nations can directly deal with each other in an ostensibly cooperative environment and avoid actions such as war, crushing sanctions or embargoes, diplomatic crises, etc. Yet, the U.N. couldn’t prevent the Korean War, the Vietnam War, Iraq-Iran War, 4 India-Pakistan Wars, 2 Sino-Indian Wars, the Sino-Vietnamese Wars, the 6 Days War, the Yom Kippur War, the Rwandan Genocide, the Persian Gulf War, the Soviet-Afghan War, the Afghanistan Civil War, the Iraq War, the War in Afghanistan, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and countless other wars, military actions, or diplomatic crises. Yet, the U.N. continues to spend more and more in its usual profligate manner and we cannot see many achieved results. The world is a dangerous place and the threat landscape is constantly changing.

I see the main threats on the quest for global security as follows:

  1. The rise and spread of global Islamic Terrorism and the inability or unwillingness of governments and international bodies such as the UN to recognize the root of the problem which is fundamentalist Islamic ideology that proliferates not just throughout the Middle East, Africa, and Asia but also has a presence in the Western World, Russia, and China.
  2. The rise of Chinese militarism evidenced by their construction of artificial islands in the South China Sea and their quest to deny access to the U.S. Navy and to hurt the interests of India, Japan, and South Korea through expansion of their force projection capabilities and to cause chaos with their cyber warfare capability.
  3. The ability of rogue states such as North Korea to obtain access to weapons of mass destruction and use that to conduct nuclear blackmail to their neighbors and the United States. It is also troubling that China and Russia are upholding Kim Jong Un’s regime and are resisting efforts by the United States to act more forcefully on the North Korean question.
  4. The resurgence of Russian militarism evidenced by their incursion into Crimea and their conduct in Syria. They don’t seem to have another national goal other than to best the United States wherever we are conducting operations and policy. They are also conducting cyber warfare operations on a global basis to cause chaos and discord.
  5. Islamic Theocracies/Dictatorships like Iran conducting military actions such as killing U.S. service members during the Iraq war, firing upon the U.S. led coalition in Syria and Iraq, and continuing their path to develop a powerful arsenal of ballistic missiles. They will likely become another North Korea if action is not taken on that front.
  6. The inability of Pakistan to maintain a stable government and the frightening possibility of terrorists being able to take over their nuclear sites if they wish to. Pakistan’s government and institutions are so weak that it may possible for terrorist organizations to quickly take over nuclear sites or military bases and to fire upon the U.S. presence in Afghanistan, U.S. allies, or most frightening of all the homeland itself. Additionally the mendacity of the Pakistan government when it comes to harboring terrorists and not being reliable partners in the war on terrorism.

 

These are very complicated issues that will take principled diplomacy, strong military capabilities, and resolute American leadership to solve. The U.N. doesn’t have the capability to solve any of these problems as a body. The leaders at the U.N. are mostly career bureaucrats and kleptocrats who are looking to enjoy their careers on the American taxpayers dole, they cannot solve any of the major issues because that is not the original mission of the organization. The U.N. has so far outgrown their role as a body meant to be conducive to global communication. It has now become an unelected global government that has started telling the United States, Israel, and others it doesn’t agree with at the current moment what actions to take when it comes to domestic policy. The U.N. is to afraid to reprimand Russia or China because those countries will forcefully protest to ensure their “national prestige” is ever hurt again. The language of China is to deflect and make every single negative action the fault of the opposite party and that is the same general policy followed by Russia and Iran. The United States, United Kingdom, and Israel have become easy targets for the elitists at the United Nations. The U.N. had the gall to warn the Trump Administration earlier this year that repealing the Affordable Care Act could lead to action from the U.N., this is the kind of domestic interference I was referencing earlier. The U.N. human rights commission would do well to leave the freest and most prosperous country in the world out of their ridiculous statements and pronouncements on “human rights.” The United States didn’t invent liberty and human rights but we perfected it. The United Nations is obviously too afraid to issue any of their bombastic statements in Russia’s, China’s, Iran’s, or even North Korea’s direction. Evil nations and dictatorships will continue to behave however they wish regardless of the U.N’s statements and reprimands, the only way those nations will be stopped is with crippling economic sanctions and powerful military force. These two things have been provided by the United States on numerous occasions, albeit imperfectly at times. Due to the birth of a nation called the United States of America on July 4th, 1776 the world has been better off and we as a nation have been a force for good and have have been the driving force for so much prosperity with our introduction of democracy and free enterprise all over the world.

 

The U.S. pays 22% of the United Nation’s total budget, by far the largest share and we haven’t really seen any tangible benefits from it. The U.N. hasn’t been very helpful in stopping or even honestly discussing any of the major issues I’ve listed above. It is a massive unaccountable global bureaucracy that provides cushy employment off the backs of global taxpayers. The U.N. should largely be reduced and trimmed to a small global organization that simply offers a place for countries to have discussions and negotiations.  The U.N’s various councils, sub organizations, and mini-burecracies should be eliminated and U.S. funding should largely be reduced. The U.S. should reassume global leadership and stop following the whims of various U.N. “leaders.” The American Republic is the force moral good in the world and we will gladly partner with any nations who agree with our mission such as the United Kingdom, Japan, India, Australia, and numerous other likeminded nations. The U.N. seeks to equalize countries like the United States with Iran or North Korea. They are not the same as us and aren’t even worth the dirt on our boots. The U.N. has failed much like its predecessor the League of Nations. It is time for a change in thought and action.

 

In my view, the U.N. is ineffectual, bloated, and incapable of achieving the goals it has set out for itself.

 

This is Saint Reagan signing off

The President and the Democrats

It has been observed that President Trump has been having discussions and ongoing negotiations with Congressional Democrats on the topic of illegal immigration and more specifically the unconstitutional policy known as DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) that was enacted by President Obama. President Trump on several occasions promised his base that he would end this policy and likely deport the illegal immigrants that are permitted to stay in America on a temporary basis with work permits. He is now looking forward to a deal with the Democrats that would allow these individuals to stay here and possibly provide them with a path to citizenship. President Trump’s communications are as usual haphazard and it is unclear as to whether anything will come of this or not.

 

I know President Trump is not perfect and will not be able to fulfill all or even most of campaign promises, but he was voted in partly on the basis of getting very tough on illegal immigration. He essentially promised to deport all of the estimated 11 million people illegally living in the United States. I was very receptive to that idea. Illegal immigrants have no right to be here period. There isn’t any strong evidence to substantiate the leftist belief that many illegal immigrants pay taxes, work hard and should be given a path to citizenship. My parents and many others waited years to get their opportunity to come to America the right way and the legal way. It is an insult to every immigrant who came here the legal way. I do not care whether they are economic migrants, people who overstayed their visas, or those who ostensibly came as children through no fault of their own. It is my inalienable right as an American citizen to expect the law to be enforced and for these folks to be deported with the possibility for return through the legal process. Amnesty is a no go for me and tens of millions of Americans. We will not accept government capitulation to the business lobby, leftwing groups, and lawyers to legalize these people. It is a matter of principle and I doubt it can pass through both chambers of Congress. One of Ronald Reagan’s biggest mistakes was to legalize 3 million illegal immigrants, we cannot let that happen ever again.

I do think that there is substantial reform required to our current immigration process and that border security needs a comprehensive strategic and tactical rethink. A border wall may not be the most efficient use of Federal money. A mixture of technological solutions, physical barriers, and a military presence will likely work very effectively. I like the idea of building watchtowers at high infiltration areas with military personnel ready to go. We need to take control of our borders in order to ensure that terrorists, criminals, and people who aren’t allowed to be here cause harm to our nation and citizens.

 

This is Saint Reagan signing off

A Moment of Reflection on 9/11

It has now been 16 years since that horrific day of September 11, 2001 when our nation was under attack by a depraved group of radical islamic terrorists. Our Republic was shaken, our own New York City and Washington D.C. were under attack, and thousands of Americans died. Our brave firefighters, police officers, EMS members, and volunteers stepped up to the plate to offer their help and brought safety and security very quickly back to our country. Our nation launched the war on terror and sought to destroy the recreants who did this. Our young men and women, went over to foreign lands to kill the enemy. We succeeded to some extent. But due to our leaderships’ constant mistakes, we have not achieved the victory we desired. We have become weak as a nation and willing to submit to evil. Take this 9/11 day to reflect upon what happened to our country 16 years ago and why we have because so soft and unwilling to face the facts. Evil is out there and we must seek it out and destroy it. We must become strong and protect our Republic. God bless the souls of those who passed away on 9/11, during the War on terror, and may he bless those who are fighting to keep us safe everyday.

 

God bless the United States of America.

 

This is Saint Reagan signing off

Book Reviews: The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt and Theodore Rex by Edmund Norris

I’ve just finished reading two books that I’ve been wanting to read for a long time, The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt and Theodore Rex, both by Pulitzer prize winning author Edmund Norris. These books are parts one and two of a trilogy biography on President Theodore Roosevelt. Teddy Roosevelt has always fascinated me because of all the stories and legends I heard about him in school, on TV, and in movies. He was a physically powerful specimen, yet very gentle and self aware. He was a powerful political force, yet he tended not to behave like every other politician who sold out his principles for votes. These attributes attracted me to the idea of T.R. (I’ll be referring to him as T.R. sometimes) even more. So, over the past couple weeks I’ve had the pleasure of reading these volumes about his life and philosophy.

 

I have to say after reading these detailed books, I admire T.R. very much as man and a leader. He was all action and simply did what he wished by sheer force of will. He rarely wasted time, lazed around, wallowed in self pity, or babbled without continuously moving forward. A young and sickly boy with numerous health problems grew into a powerful physical specimen that was fascinated with the world around him. He spent a lot of time exploring nature and learned all he could about the flora, fauna, birds, and animals around him and was very passionate about protecting this environment later in life. He grew up wealthy so he rarely had the worries of working or feeding his family at a young age. He worked hard on his physique, his education, and his relationships in order to achieve his goals. Originally planning for a career as a natural historian, he ended up graduating with a B.A. from Harvard and J.D. from Columbia University. Eventually he became a New York State Assemblymen, Federal Civil Service Commissioner, New York City Police Commissioner, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Colonel in the Army, Vice President, and finally two term President of the United States of America. He also had a side career as an accomplished author and speaker and a not so successful career as a rancher and investor. He had the ability to move the crowds and have everyone admire him for what he was, a political warrior with unshakeable principles. He believed in his country through and through and believed America should rise to become the worlds’ foremost economic, diplomatic, and military power and it did thanks in part to his policies.

Unfortunately, I had a sort of “being disappointed by your hero” moment when I read further about his economic policy. Personally, I am not a fan of major parts of his domestic policy. I profoundly disagree with his ideas to regulate business, increase taxes, create social programs, consolidate millions of acres of American landmass under federal control, centralize vast powers into the Federal government, his excessive use of Executive power, his gross disrespect for the Constitution and separation of powers, his wish to control railroad rates and commerce, and other policies such as those. I disagree with his view that business and capitalism should be controlled by the government. I believe that a small, reliable government is necessary for a free society, but when it comes to policies such as income taxes or business regulation, that’s where the buck stops for me.

 

I did really enjoy reading about his foreign and defense policy, which with  I agree emphatically. His foreign policy was focused on making America the number one force in international relations and global diplomacy. He wanted America to be viewed as a strong and peaceful nation that could be relied upon to resolve disputes peacefully when possible and by force when necessary. He resolved several major foreign policy crises during his Presidency such as the insurrection of rebels in American controlled Philippines, Germany trying to annex Venezuela for lack of debt repayment, the Russo-Japanese war, the breakdown of the Cuban government, and Germany wanting to go to war over control of Morocco. To that end he worked with his diplomatic staff to maintain healthy relationships with global diplomats and continue to maintain dialog to see where America could be of help in global affairs. He did not allow other powers to come near American territory or undermine growing American prominence. He pestered Congress for funds to massively increase the size of the U.S. Navy which is today by far the largest and most powerful in the world. He understood that if a nation controlled the seas, she controlled the planet. That is evident in our sway over global affairs in present day. With his expansive knowledge of history and global affairs T.R. predicted that America would eventually go to war with Germany, Japan, and Russia which we did during WWI, WWII, and the Cold War. I think President Trump should undertake a study of President Roosevelt’s foreign policy to guide him on his path through the Presidency.

 

Overall, the books were fascinating to read and very inspirational. I look forward to completing part 3 at a later date.

 

This is Saint Reagan signing off